Gastrointestinal System

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How Your Digestive System Works
I mean really, if the commercial dog food is all that great and healthy then why does it say NOT fit for human consumption? July 5, at 4: The rectum connects the large intestine to the anus. Continued Rectum The rectum Latin for "straight" is an 8-inch chamber that connects the colon to the anus. The liver has the amazing ability to break down and store amino acids, synthesize and metabolize fats and cholesterol, store glucose, detoxify the blood and regulate our internal functions.

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There are many sections to the large bowel — the appendix, caecum, ascending rising colon, transverse across colon, descending going down colon, sigmoid colon, the rectum and the anus.

The main purposes of the large intestine is to pass remaining essential nutrients into the bloodstream and the storage and elimination of waste left-overs.

As the nutritional fluids are absorbed and transfered out to the bloodstream, the contents get more solid and compact. Sometimes a piece of food gets stuck in here like bubblegum causing an infection.

This fluid enzyme helps to soften up the food, the first chemical action along the digestive trail. It starts at the pyloric sphincter of the stomach and runs about 10 inches. The duodenum is largely responsible for the continuing food breaking-down process fats are bombarded with bile , with the jejunum and ileum mainly responsible for the transfer of nutrients into the bloodstream.

Both insulin and glucagon are produced by the pancreas. The duodenum is responsible for continuing to break down of food into liquid form and the jejunum and ileum mainly responsible for absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream. When the rectum becomes full, it triggers nerves that carry that message to the brain.

Make a Purse-string Sphincter or Valve In the digestive system, there are a number of places along the way that are designed to help regulate when, what direction, and how fast, food travels. Discussion Questions If a sphincter or valve did not close completely, what would you expect the contents to do? Make sure you are using a pencil rather than a pen so that you can erase if necessary. This outline should take up most of space on your paper.

Draw the head in proportion to the body as it would be on a human. This is just to provide a frame of reference for your digestive model. Draw the head as a profile rather than straight on to make it easier to show the digestive organs in the head. If you wish, feel free to be creative and embellish this outline a bit.

You can draw eyes and a nose and ears and hair. You could even give your person a name if you feel like it!

Add the mouth, teeth, and tongue. Your first step of digestion is now complete! Salivary glands release saliva containing digestive enzymes to begin breaking down food while you chew. The tongue helps the food to move back in your throat creating a bolus while the teeth break it down in a process known as mastication. The food moves from the mouth into the esophagus, which carries it down into the stomach. The esophagus is made of smooth muscle that relaxes and contracts to move your food down with a wavelike motion, called peristalsis.

If you wish to make your model more advanced, you can include the pharynx. The pharynx is located behind the mouth and moves food into the esophagus. You can feel it when you swallow. In your model, you can simply draw a small diagonal line towards the top of your esophagus and the part above the line can be the pharynx and the part below can be the esophagus.

The epiglottis is a small flap just below the pharynx that directs food into the esophagus. If you drew a pharynx, the diagonal line can be the epiglottis. At the bottom of your esophagus, draw a small balloon-like organ that is the stomach. It should take up about a third of the width of the torso and be slightly towards the right. Include a small tube going up into the esophagus and a diagonal line between the esophagus and stomach to indicate the muscular valve called the lower esophageal sphincter.

Add a small tube going straight down on the left side of the stomach, which will lead to the small intestine. The stomach helps churn and digest food using gastric juices containing hydrochloric acid and pepsin to help break it down.

The food remains in the stomach for about hours. At this point it is no longer food, but has an oatmeal-like consistency and is called "chyme. Draw it towards the left of the stomach and slightly above it. It should be about twice the size of the stomach and look a bit like an elongated triangle with rounded edges.

Attached to the liver, draw a small nodule called the gallbladder. Draw the gallbladder as a small oval towards the bottom of the liver. It should overlap the liver. To show that the gallbladder goes over the liver, draw the gallbladder with a thick line. It then mixes the bile with the food that passes by, breaking down fats. It should be a small carrot-shaped organ that goes behind the stomach. To show that the pancreas is behind the stomach, draw it with a dotted line.

It also regulates blood sugar. Include the small intestine. The small intestine is a large curving tube that you can draw as squiggly lines beneath the stomach in the center of the body, taking up about half of the width of the body.

Draw it a couple of inches below the stomach because the large intestine will end up going on top of it. The end of the small intestine should be towards the bottom of your paper and towards the left side. Add a diagonal line to indicate the muscular valve, called the pyloric sphincter, between the duodenum of the small intestine and the stomach.

This is where the majority of digestion takes place. Our reviews are independent and unbiased, so readers know the real story about CBD suppliers.

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