Wade, December 3, Pvt. I am here in Canada and I pray that Angels cover each and every soldier in their protective wings, I pray for each mother father brother sister, that God touches you with his love and protects you from harms way, I pray my sons and daughter never have to see the battle field, but I also thank and pray for the others who are fighting to continue the freedom that we all deserve, for each and everyone of you, you are in my thoughts and prayers may God bless you.. I pray that this great nation bands together against terrorism in every form, and that no matter how each individual feels about this war, we stand strong behind those who fight against enemies of humanity. Retrieved from " https: Attic white-ground red-figured kylix of Aphrodite riding a swan c. Hold them in the palm of your hand that they may do your work with pride and return them safely to their families.
Overview of research to date
In Homer 's Iliad , however, she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Plato , in his Symposium e, asserts that these two origins actually belong to separate entities: Aphrodite had many other epithets , each emphasizing a different aspect of the same goddess, or used by a different local cult.
Thus she was also known as Cytherea Lady of Cythera and Cypris Lady of Cyprus , due to the fact that both locations claimed to be the place of her birth. In Greek mythology , Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus , the god of blacksmiths and metalworking. Despite this, Aphrodite was frequently unfaithful to him and had many lovers; in the Odyssey , she is caught in the act of adultery with Ares , the god of war. Aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and lover of the mortal shepherd Adonis , who was killed by a wild boar.
Along with Athena and Hera , Aphrodite was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War and she plays a major role throughout the Iliad.
Aphrodite has been featured in western art as a symbol of female beauty and has appeared in numerous works of western literature. She is a major deity in modern Neopagan religions , including the Church of Aphrodite , Wicca , and Hellenismos. A number of improbable non-Greek etymologies have also been suggested.
The alteration from b to ph is explained as a "familiar" characteristic of Greek "obvious from the Macedonians ". The cult of Aphrodite in Greece was imported from, or at least influenced by, the cult of Astarte in Phoenicia ,     which, in turn, was influenced by the cult of the Mesopotamian goddess known as "Ishtar" to the East Semitic peoples and as " Inanna " to the Sumerians. The Phoenicians, in turn, taught her worship to the people of Cythera. Aphrodite took on Inanna-Ishtar's associations with sexuality and procreation.
Nineteenth century classical scholars had a general aversion to the idea that ancient Greek religion was at all influenced by the cultures of the Near East,  but, even Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker , who argued that Near Eastern influence on Greek culture was largely confined to material culture,  admitted that Aphrodite was clearly of Phoenician origin.
Aphrodite's most common cultic epithet was Ourania , meaning "heavenly",   but this epithet almost never occurs in literary texts, indicating a purely cultic significance. He asserts that Aphrodite Ourania is the celestial Aphrodite, born from the sea foam after Cronus castrated Uranus, and the older of the two goddesses. According to the Symposium , Aphrodite Ourania is the inspiration of male homosexual desire , specifically the ephebic eros. Aphrodite Pandemos , by contrast, is the younger of the two goddesses: Among the Neoplatonists and, later, their Christian interpreters, Ourania is associated with spiritual love, and Pandemos with physical love desire.
A representation of Ourania with her foot resting on a tortoise came to be seen as emblematic of discretion in conjugal love; it was the subject of a chryselephantine sculpture by Phidias for Elis , known only from a parenthetical comment by the geographer Pausanias. On Cyprus, Aphrodite was sometimes called Eleemon "the merciful". A male version of Aphrodite known as Aphroditus was worshipped in the city of Amathus on Cyprus. Aphrodite's main festival, the Aphrodisia , was celebrated across Greece, but particularly in Athens and Corinth.
In Athens, the Aphrodisia was celebrated on the fourth day of the month of Hekatombaion in honor of Aphrodite's role in the unification of Attica. Pausanias records that, in Sparta, Aphrodite was worshipped as Aphrodite Areia , which means "warlike". Aphrodite was the patron goddess of prostitutes of all varieties,   ranging from pornai cheap street prostitutes typically owned as slaves by wealthy pimps to hetairai expensive, well-educated hired companions, who were usually self-employed and sometimes provided sex to their customers.
Scholars in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries believed that the cult of Aphrodite may have involved ritual prostitution ,   an assumption based on ambiguous passages in certain ancient texts, particularly a fragment of a skolion by the Boeotian poet Pindar ,  which mentions prostitutes in Corinth in association with Aphrodite. The ancient Romans identified Aphrodite with their goddess Venus ,  who was originally a goddess of agricultural fertility, vegetation, and springtime.
This syncretism greatly impacted Greek worship of Aphrodite. Aphrodite is usually said to have been born near her chief center of worship, Paphos , on the island of Cyprus , which is why she is sometimes called "Cyprian", especially in the poetic works of Sappho. However, other versions of her myth have her born near the island of Cythera , hence another of her names, "Cytherea".
According to the version of her birth recounted by Hesiod in his Theogony ,   Cronus severed Uranus' genitals and threw them behind him into the sea. In the Iliad ,  Aphrodite is described as the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Aphrodite is consistently portrayed as a nubile, infinitely desirable adult, having had no childhood.
In Book Eight of the Odyssey ,  however, the blind singer Demodocus describes Aphrodite as the wife of Hephaestus  and tells how she committed adultery with Ares during the Trojan War. Later stories were invented to explain Aphrodite's marriage to Hephaestus. In the most famous story, Zeus hastily married Aphrodite to Hephaestus in order to prevent the other gods from fighting over her. Aphrodite is almost always accompanied by Eros , the god of lust and sexual desire.
The fertility god Priapus was usually considered to be Aphrodite's son by Dionysus ,   but he was sometimes also described as her son by Hermes, Adonis, or even Zeus. The First Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite Hymn 5 , which was probably composed sometime in the mid-seventh century BC,  describes how Zeus once became annoyed with Aphrodite for causing deities to fall in love with mortals,  so he caused her to fall in love with Anchises , a handsome mortal shepherd who lived in the foothills beneath Mount Ida near the city of Troy.
Aphrodite, however, lies and tells him that she is not a goddess,  but the daughter of one of the noble families of Phrygia. After the lovemaking is complete, Aphrodite reveals her true divine form. The myth of Aphrodite and Adonis is probably derived from the ancient Sumerian legend of Inanna and Dumuzid. Aphrodite found the baby,  and took him to the underworld to be fostered by Persephone.
In different versions of the story, the boar was either sent by Ares, who was jealous that Aphrodite was spending so much time with Adonis,  or by Artemis, who wanted revenge against Aphrodite for having killed her devoted follower Hippolytus.
The myth of Adonis is associated with the festival of the Adonia , which was celebrated by Greek women every year in midsummer. In Hesiod's Works and Days , Zeus orders Aphrodite to make Pandora , the first woman, physically beautiful and sexually attractive,  so that she may become "an evil men will love to embrace". According to one myth, Aphrodite aided Hippomenes ,   a noble youth who wished to marry Atalanta , a maiden who was renowned throughout the land for her beauty,   but who refused to marry any man unless he could outrun her in a footrace.
The myth of Pygmalion is first mentioned by the third-century BC Greek writer Philostephanus of Cyrene ,   but is first recounted in detail in Ovid's Metamorphoses. Aphrodite generously rewarded those who honored her, but also punished those who disrespected her, often quite brutally. In Euripides 's tragedy Hippolytus , which was first performed at the City Dionysia in BC, Theseus's son Hippolytus worships only Artemis , the goddess of virginity, and refuses to engage in any form of sexual contact.
Glaucus of Corinth angered Aphrodite by refusing to let his horses for chariot racing mate, since doing so would hinder their speed. Aphrodite cursed her, causing her to have children by a bear. The resulting offspring, Agrius and Oreius, were wild cannibals who incurred the hatred of Zeus. Ultimately, he transformed all the members of the family into birds of ill omen. The myth of the Judgement of Paris is mentioned briefly in the Iliad ,  but is described in depth in an epitome of the Cypria , a lost poem of the Epic Cycle ,  which records that all the gods and goddesses as well as various mortals were invited to the marriage of Peleus and Thetis the eventual parents of Achilles.
The goddesses chose to place the matter before Zeus, who, not wanting to favor one of the goddesses, put the choice into the hands of Paris, a Trojan prince. All three goddesses were ideally beautiful and Paris could not decide between them, so they resorted to bribes. Aphrodite plays an important and active role throughout the entirety of Homer's Iliad. Aphrodite's most prominent avian symbol was the dove,  which was originally an important symbol of her Near Eastern precursor Inanna-Ishtar.
Because of her connections to the sea, Aphrodite was associated with a number of different types of water fowl ,  including swans, geese, and ducks. A scene of Aphrodite rising from the sea appears on the back of the Ludovisi Throne c.
During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, statues depicting Aphrodite proliferated;  many of these statues were modeled at least to some extent on Praxiteles's Aphrodite of Knidos. The Ludovisi Throne possibly c. Attic white-ground red-figured kylix of Aphrodite riding a swan c. Aphrodite and Himeros , detail from a silver kantharos c. Red-figure vase painting of Aphrodite and Phaon c. Apuleian vase painting of Zeus plotting with Aphrodite to seduce Leda while Eros sits on her arm c.
Aphrodite Kallipygos "Aphrodite of the Beautiful Buttocks". Aphrodite Heyl second century BC. Greek sculpture group of Aphrodite, Eros, and Pan c. Aphrodite of Milos c. Aphrodite of Menophantos first century BC.
The Ludovisi Aphrodite of Knidos. The Lely Venus c. Early Christians frequently adapted pagan iconography to suit Christian purposes. Aphrodite is the central figure in Sandro Botticelli 's painting Primavera , which has been described as "one of the most written about, and most controversial paintings in the world",  and "one of the most popular paintings in Western art".
Primavera late s or early s by Sandro Botticelli. Venus of Urbino c. Venus, Cupid, Folly and Time c. Venus and Adonis by Titian. Venus with a Mirror c. Venus, Adonis and Cupid c. The Toilet of Venus c. The Death of Adonis c. Jacques-Louis David 's final work was his magnum opus , Mars Being Disarmed by Venus ,  which combines elements of classical, Renaissance, traditional French art, and contemporary artistic styles.
I will put the date of my seventy-five years on it and afterwards I will never again pick up my brush. Paintings of Venus were favorites of the late nineteenth-century Academic artists in France. Atkinson praised it, declaring that "Mr Leighton, instead of adopting corrupt Roman notions regarding Venus such as Rubens embodied, has wisely reverted to the Greek idea of Aphrodite, a goddess worshipped, and by artists painted, as the perfection of female grace and beauty.
Venus and Adonis by François Lemoyne. Venus Disrobing for the Bath by Frederic Leighton. Special Education Barrer, Julie: Special Education Boucher, Deborah: Literacy Content Specialist Bovatt, Lisa: Physical Education Chase, Jody: Special Education Daly, Deb: First Grade Depatie, Christine: Sixth Grade Favreau , Bridgette: First Grade Fitzgerald, Angie: Third Grade Fleming, Olivia: Second Grade Fuller, Lois: Special Education Garvey, Michelle: Fourth Grade Gregory, Rusti: Educational Technology Specialist Hakey, Penny: Second Grade Hancock, Pam: Fifth Grade Hindes, Jennifer: Sixth Grade Jacobson, Jennifer: Physical Education Ladieu, Christina: Special Education Lapan, Carrie: Fourth Grade Lumbra, Joan: Math Content Specialist Martin, Deb: First Grade McCarthy, Jamie: Special Education Messier, Gianna: Instrumental Music Micheli, Jeanice: Sixth Grade Musella, Eileen: Fifth Grade Newett, Cyndi: Special Education Oliver, Traci: Special Education Ovitt, Mallory: