As I said in the previous post, I doubt that 1 in a aviculturalists here would feed a pellet based diet. This difference in molecular configuration matters for several parts of the conversion process. The nutrition component of the UNDAF reflects the priority attributed to nutrition by the United Nations agencies in a country and is an indication of how much the United Nations system is committed to helping governments improve their food and nutrition situation. See above about getting medical supervision from someone other than Dr. Improving the intake of iron and folic acid by women of reproductive age could improve pregnancy outcomes and enhance maternal and infant health. Observations on the effect of adding tryptophane to a dietary in which zein is the sole nitrogenous constituent" PDF. United Nations Standing Committee on Nutrition.
Tina Jones, M.D.
The indigestible particles are then passed out in the fecal pellets regular poop and the cecum begins the fermentation process that will produce what is commonly referred to as night feces or cecotropes, which a rabbit will ingest directly from the anus. You can tell the difference between normal feces and cecotrophes by their soft, shiny clumped texture and often more pungent odor. These bad bacteria produce toxins that can be harmful or fatal to your rabbit.
On the other hand, the products of good cecal fermentation are crucial to healthy gut flora, because through coprophagy, the oral re-ingestion of the cecal pellets produced by this fermentation process, the rabbit can absorb by normal digestion the special nutrients and vitamins contained in the cecal pellets.
Some evidence suggests that bacteria from these re-ingested cecal pellets help the food digest while in the stomach Laura Tessmer, B. When your rabbit is fed an improper diet that is, one that does not contain an adequate amount of [indigestible] fiber or one that is too high in carbohydrates the Gastro-Intestinal GI tract cannot function properly and it begins to shut down, causing various degrees of what is called GI stasis.
GI stasis, if not taken care of immediately, can cause your rabbit to die a very painful death. So what is GI stasis really? When the speed with which material moves through the GIT is altered it can affect how quickly the stomach and cecum empty.
The body still needs water to function so it takes it from the stomach and cecum, causing the contents of the entire GI tract food, hair from grooming, etc. A rabbit in GI stasis will often stop eating, become anorexic and die. When a rabbit dies from GI stasis and its related problems it is most often due to hepatic lipidosis or Fatty Liver Disease, which is caused by the toxins produced by the bad bacteria in the cecum. In most cases, especially those caught early-on by observant owners, GI stasis can be reversed with time, patience and good advice from your rabbit vet.
But our goal is to prevent it from happening at all. Check the feces while cleaning the litter box. If there are no feces for hours contact your vet immediately. Never give babies under six months old hairball remedy without first consulting your rabbit vet.
While the use of hairball remedies as preventatives can be helpful, there is some question as to how helpful or harmful it is to administer them to rabbits already in GI stasis. If the intestinal contents are severely dehydrated and brick-hard yes, we have seen this! For this reason, it is probably wise to concentrate on re-hydrating the intestinal contents before using petroleum-based laxatives, if they are to be used at all Krempels, Dana M.
This, in addition to a proper diet and plenty of fun and exercise, as well as close observation of the litter box and the general behavior and condition of the rabbits goes a long away towards keeping bunny GI tracts healthy and happy.
Vet intervention is always called for when this sort of situation presents itself. Not all vets know and see rabbits, however, so it is important that you locate a good rabbit vet in your area before an emergency arises. If you have a rabbit that is difficult to keep weight on or off, consult your vet. Do not feed your rabbit any of the many commercial pellet mixes that contain seeds, dried fruit or colored cereals. These commercial treat foods are geared to look pleasing to us humans, but they are definitely not in the best health interests of your pet rabbit.
Rabbits are not seed, fruit or cereal eaters by nature and these types of junk foods are high in sugars and carbohydrates, which as we talked about earlier can lead to an overgrowth of bad bacteria. It is his prime source of fiber, which is instrumental in keeping the gut in good working order.
Antinutrients are natural or synthetic compounds that interfere with the absorption of nutrients. Nutrition studies focus on antinutrients commonly found in food sources and beverages. The relatively recent increased consumption of sugar has been linked to the rise of some afflictions such as diabetes, obesity, and more recently heart disease.
Increased consumption of sugar has been tied to these three, among others. In the same time span that obesity doubled, diabetes numbers quadrupled in America. Increased weight, especially in the form of belly fat, and high sugar intake are also high risk factors for heart disease.
Elevated amounts of Low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol, is the primary factor in heart disease. In order to avoid all the dangers of sugar, moderate consumption is paramount. Since the Industrial Revolution some two hundred years ago, the food processing industry has invented many technologies that both help keep foods fresh longer and alter the fresh state of food as they appear in nature.
Cooling is the primary technology used to maintain freshness, whereas many more technologies have been invented to allow foods to last longer without becoming spoiled. These latter technologies include pasteurisation , autoclavation , drying , salting , and separation of various components, all of which appearing to alter the original nutritional contents of food. Pasteurisation and autoclavation heating techniques have no doubt improved the safety of many common foods, preventing epidemics of bacterial infection.
But some of the new food processing technologies have downfalls as well. Modern separation techniques such as milling , centrifugation , and pressing have enabled concentration of particular components of food, yielding flour, oils, juices, and so on, and even separate fatty acids, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals.
Inevitably, such large-scale concentration changes the nutritional content of food, saving certain nutrients while removing others. Heating techniques may also reduce food's content of many heat-labile nutrients such as certain vitamins and phytochemicals, and possibly other yet-to-be-discovered substances. In addition, processed foods often contain potentially harmful substances such as oxidized fats and trans fatty acids.
A dramatic example of the effect of food processing on a population's health is the history of epidemics of beri-beri in people subsisting on polished rice. Removing the outer layer of rice by polishing it removes with it the essential vitamin thiamine , causing beri-beri. Another example is the development of scurvy among infants in the late 19th century in the United States. It turned out that the vast majority of sufferers were being fed milk that had been heat-treated as suggested by Pasteur to control bacterial disease.
Pasteurisation was effective against bacteria, but it destroyed the vitamin C. As mentioned, lifestyle- and obesity-related diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent all around the world. There is little doubt that the increasingly widespread application of some modern food processing technologies has contributed to this development. The food processing industry is a major part of modern economy, and as such it is influential in political decisions e.
In any known profit-driven economy, health considerations are hardly a priority; effective production of cheap foods with a long shelf-life is more the trend. In general, whole, fresh foods have a relatively short shelf-life and are less profitable to produce and sell than are more processed foods.
Thus, the consumer is left with the choice between more expensive, but nutritionally superior, whole, fresh foods, and cheap, usually nutritionally inferior, processed foods. Because processed foods are often cheaper, more convenient in both purchasing, storage, and preparation , and more available, the consumption of nutritionally inferior foods has been increasing throughout the world along with many nutrition-related health complications. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about Nutrition in general.
For Nutrition in humans, see Human nutrition. For Nutrition in animals, see Animal nutrition. For nutrition in plants, see Plant nutrition.
For the medical journal, see Nutrition journal. Mineral nutrient and Composition of the human body. List of antioxidants in food. Animal nutrition and Human nutrition. Nutrition portal Food portal. Food Balance Wheel Biology: Bioenergetics Digestion Enzyme Dangers of poor nutrition Deficiency Avitaminosis is a deficiency of vitamins. Boron deficiency medicine Chromium deficiency Iron deficiency medicine Iodine deficiency Magnesium deficiency medicine Diabetes Eating disorders Illnesses related to poor nutrition Malnutrition Obesity Childhood obesity Starvation Food: Dieting Eating Healthy eating pyramid Nutritional rating systems Lists: Diets list List of food additives List of illnesses related to poor nutrition List of life extension related topics List of publications in nutrition List of unrefined sweeteners List of antioxidants List of phytochemicals Nutrients: Dietitian Nutritionist Food Studies Tools: Human Nutrition and Food".
Retrieved 13 December Understanding Nutrition 13 ed. Deficiency, How Much, Benefits, and More. The New York Times. Archived from the original on The Profession of Dietetics. A History of Nutrition. The Riverside Press Houghton Mifflin. Perspectives in Clinical Research. Eat, Drink, and be Healthy: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change 5 ed. The Journal of Nutrition. Observations on the effect of adding tryptophane to a dietary in which zein is the sole nitrogenous constituent" PDF.
The Journal of Physiology. Selected Topics in the History of Biochemistry: Personal Recollections, Part 1. Retrieved March 15, Part 3 — ".
Fundamental Aspects in Nutrition and Health. Part 4 — ". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved June 13, Retrieved December 22, Joins Hunt for Young German Chemist". San Bernardino Daily Sun. United States Department Of Agriculture. Archived from the original PDF on August 24, University of California Press. The End of Dieting. Harper One Harper Collins. Diabetik Bei Diabetus Mellitus. Am J Clin Nutr. Harvard School of Public Health.
Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology. Recommended Dietary Allowances, revised Food Balance Sheets- A Handbook. Journal of Clinical Pathology.
Introduction to Health Care 3 ed. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry 3rd ed. An Outline of its Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Technology 5th ed. Principles of Bioinorganic Chemistry. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 1 May Handbook of Plant Nutrition.
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Retrieved May 9, Health and Literacy Intervention Outcomes: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. In Defense of Food: World Bank Research Observer.
J Am Coll Health. Archived from the original PDF on Journal of Public Economics. Chronicle of Higher Education. The vertical integration of food for thought". Cancer no longer rare in poorer countries". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Manufacturing Packaging Marketing Foodservice Fortification. Botulism Campylobacter jejuni Clostridium perfringens Escherichia coli O H4 Escherichia coli O Devon colic Swill milk scandal Bradford sweets poisoning English beer poisoning Morinaga Milk arsenic poisoning incident Minamata disease Iraq poison grain disaster Toxic oil syndrome Jack in the Box E.
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Obesity , diabetes mellitus , cardiovascular disease. Obesity , cardiovascular disease high glycemic index foods. Obesity , cardiovascular disease. Xerophthalmia and night blindness. Hypervitaminosis A cirrhosis, hair loss. Introduce your child to this cultural holiday by making these fun recipes together!
Avoid eating these 10 foods after a workout to get the most bang for your buck. Oatmeal is nutritious, quick to prep and has endless variations. Try these new recipes to switch things up. Don't get caught up in training runs and forget about what you're putting in your body. Here's what to eat before a 10K for your best performance.
No meal is more important than the one before a race. Eating the right meal at the right time ensures that all your hard training doesn't go to waste. Worried that pint will lead to nothing but a beer belly? Drinking beer can actually improve your health. It's a misconception that marathoners can eat copious amounts without gaining weight. Losing weight while training for Add these herbs to your diet to help improve your metabolism, clean up your digestion, and shed some pounds.
These 10 vegetables will keep you feeling full for longer and introduce the vitamins and minerals your body needs to lose weight. These fast and easy twists on tacos, eggs and more are perfect for breakfast on-the-go. Protein energy balls are perfect for active kids and can make an ideal breakfast, snack before practice or an after-dinner treat!